An interesting theorem related to Pascal’s triangle is the **hockey stick theorem** or the **christmas stocking theorem**. This theorem states that the sum of a diagonal in Pascal’s triangle is the element perpendicularly under it (image from Wolfram Mathworld):

So here the sum of the blue numbers , 1+4+10+20+35+56, is equal to the red number, 126. It is easy to see why it’s called the hockey stick theorem – the shape looks like a hockey stick!

An alternative, algebraic formulation of the hockey stick theorem is follows:

But this works in two ways, considering the symmetry of Pascal’s triangle. The flipped version would be:

Using Pascal’s identity, it is fairly trivial to prove either identity by induction. Instead I present an intuitive, animated version of the proof:

### Like this:

Like Loading...

*Related*

I think the first summation should be n+i choose i rather than n+1 choose i (and second should change accordingly as well)

LikeLike

Pingback: Explain Why {21 choose 2}^2 – {21 choose 2} = 3!{22 choose 4}{21 choose 2}^2 – {21 choose 2} = 3!{22 choose 4} – Math Solution